Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a debilitating disorder that affects many people. it involves unwanted and disturbing thoughts, images, or urges (obsessions) that intrude into a person’s mind and cause a great deal of anxiety or discomfort, which the person then tries to reduce by engaging in repetitive behaviors or mental acts (compulsions).
Besides medication, what is the preferred treatment of OCD called?
Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a useful kind of therapy where OCD sufferers are trained to replace the bad, anxious thoughts that arise when they, for example, touch something percieved to be dirty, with more positive thoughts such as 'I'm safe. It can't hurt me. I'm going to be okay,' until over time the anxious thoughts are replaced with the more productive positive thoughts and reactions.
People who are afflicted with OCD perform these rituals and compulsions because they enjoy them.
OCD sufferers do NOT enjoy performing their rituals and compulsions but cannot stop doing so. They are subject to intense and unbearable anxiety unless they do so and the compulsions are a way of getting rid of the anxiety.
What is trichotillomania?
Trichotillomania is the compulsive pulling of one's hair. People pull for different reasons and at different times and no matter how they try, they cannot stop themselves from doing it.
Which of the following disorders do NOT often accompany OCD?
Tourette's Syndrome, characterized by different tics (involuntary movements of the body, which are both physical and oral) often accompanies OCD. In this disorder, one might see rapid and involuntary jerks of the head or other seemingly strange movements that are uncontrollable to the person making them. The person also may emit certain involuntary sounds or grunts, which are vocal tics. Attention Deficit Disorder and depression also frequently will accompany OCD, although certainly not always.
A person with OCD can spend as many as ten hours a day or more washing themselves for fear of contamination.
The effects of this ugly disorder can make a person so terrified of, for example, contamination, that they wash endlessly, worrying that they might have 'missed a spot' here or there or that some germ has made its way over to them in the last few seconds so they need to wash again. A deadly cycle indeed.
What are frightening, terrifying and repetitive thoughts that an OCD sufferer can not get out of his or her head called?
Compulsions and obsessions are the two keywords of OCD. A person has an obsession, say with fear of the house burning down, so she will check the stove over and over again to make sure that it is off. A person with an obsession with contamination may have the compulsion of washing their hands hundreds of times a day. Obsessions cause compulsions and carrying out these compulsions temporarily relieves the anxiety brought on by the obsessions. Unfortunately, the relief is short-lived and soon the sufferer feels the need to perform the compulsion again, and again, in a never-ending cycle.
Along with cognitive behavioral therapy, what is the treatment of choice for OCD suffers?
SSRIs include such drugs as Prozac, Zoloft, and others that are known to significantly help OCD sufferers.
What does the term SSRIs stand for?
This is a common phrase in the world of OCD and other anxiety disorders.SSRI antidepressants are a type of antidepressant that works by increasing levels of serotonin within the brain.
Which of the following is NOT a myth about OCD?
Which of the below would NOT be considered a symptom of OCD?
Common symptoms of OCD include checking, counting, repeating, a need to have something 'just right,' fear of contamination, and other rituals.